Many people have limited to no knowledge on Lupus. Lupus is a very unpredictable chronic disorder. There are four types of Lupus, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Discoid Lupus, Drug-Induced Lupus and Neonatal Lupus. Lupus is very common in woman, but can be found in men as well. Lupus causes mild to severe pain in women and men daily.
The most familiar form of Lupus is Systemic lupus erythematosus, commonly known as SLE. SLE is notorius for causing a special facial rash called the malar rash also known as “the butterfly rash” located across the nose bridge and cheeks. The exposure to sunlight causes the rash to become irritated, red and painful. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is when the body’s immune system wrongfully attacks healthy tissues and cells. SLE affects the skin, joints, kidneys, brain, and many other bodily organs. Experiencing oral complications such as extreme dry mouth, severe tooth decay and ulcers are all apart of a lupus flare. Many Lupus carriers develop arthritis, which causes the joints of the fingers, hands, wrists, and knees to become affected.
Common SLE symptoms
• Malar rash “Butterfly rash”
• General discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling (malaise)
• Painful or swollen joints and muscle pain
• Unexplained fever
• Chest pain upon deep breathing
• Unusual loss of hair
• Pale or purple fingers or toes from cold or stress (Raynaud’s phenomenon)
• Swelling (edema) in legs or around eyes
• Mouth ulcers
• Swollen glands
• Extreme fatigue
• Mouth sores
• Sensitivity to sunlight
• Swollen lymph nodes
Discoid Lupus (CUTANEOUS) only affects the skin. This type of Lupus causes rashes and/or lesions, these rashes and/or lesions can appear anywhere on the body but are most commonly found on the face, neck and scalp. Lesions and rashes on the scalp may lead to hair lost. Many people who are diagnosed with Discoid Lupus develops SLE over time.
Discoid Lupus Symptoms
- Lesions can appear anywhere on the body but commonly on the face, neck and scalp
Drug-Induced Lupus (DIL) Occurs in result to certain prescription drugs. Symptoms that occur during DIL are extremely similar to SLE symptoms. The pain caused by these medications that causes DIL vanish once the medication is discontinued. The symptoms are usually completely gone within 6 months however the Antinuclear Antibody (ANA) test (used to help detect lupus) may show positive for years after the symptoms are gone.
Neonatal Lupus This form of lupus is very rare. In this case infants are affected by this form of lupus, which is found in newborns whose mother’s have been diagnosed with lupus. An infant who has Neonatal Lupus will have skin rashes followed by anemia. In some cases there have been infants who will have been faced with liver problems and mild to severe heart defects. Always looking on the bright side of this form of Lupus there are no permanent damages to any of the infants and the symptoms go away in a few months.
Neonatal Lupus Symptoms
- Skin rashes
- Affects the liver
- Some cases serious heart defect